Similar to the working alliance, the perceived quality of the real relationship was related to using more methods to prepare the patients to the transition (r = .18, p < .05) and perceived positive patient experience (r = .24, p < .01). Age, years of clinical experience, number of patients seen weekly before the pandemic, previous video therapy experience, and views of video therapy before the pandemic were not associated with the perceived quality of alliance or the real relationship in online sessions.
On average, therapists experienced professional self-doubt sometimes or frequently (M = 2 Brantford nsa hookup.41, SD = .67, range: 1.11–4.78) in video therapy during the pandemic, which is higher than the level of self-doubt experienced by therapists in a prior naturalistic study of PSD (Nissen-Lie et al., 2013 ; t(136) = , p < .0001), but still on the lower end of the 5-point Likert scale. Therapists felt less competent (M = 2.28, SD = .52, range: 1.00–3.00) and less confident (M = 2.15, SD = .56, range: 1.00–3.00) about their professional skills during online compared to in-person sessions. Higher levels of reported professional self-doubt were related to several demographic variables, such as younger age (r = ?.34, p < .001), less clinical experience (r = ?.33, p < .001), and worse perceived patient experience (r = ?.36, p < .001).
Therapists’ anxiety about using video therapy was moderate (M = 2.87, S.D. = .86, range: 1.00–4.83). Similar to professional self-doubt, higher anxiety was associated with female gender (t(137) = 3.24, p < .05), younger age (r = ?.30, p < .001), less clinical experience (r = ?.36, p < .001), smaller number of patients before the pandemic (r = ?.18, p < .05), no previous experience with video therapy (t(138) = 3.63, p < .001), not being licensed yet (t(136) = 3.28, p < .001), perceiving patients as having a negative video therapy experience (r = .27, p < .001).
Overall in our sample, therapists reported somewhat positive attitudes towards video therapy (M = 3.42, SD = 0.50, range: 2.31–4.69). Although their views about video therapy had become more positive since the start of the pandemic (t(140) = 2.06, p < .05); they still thought that video therapy was somewhat less effective compared to in-person therapy (M = 2.19, SD = 0.65, range: 1.00–4.00).
Therapists who held more positive attitudes towards video therapy tended to have previous experience with video therapy (t(142) = 3.53, p < .05) and to have positive perceptions of their patients' online experience (r = .30, p < .001). Higher rated working alliance and real relationship were associated with more positive attitudes towards video therapy (r = ?.34, p < .001 and r = ?.40, p < .001, respectively) whereas professional self-doubt was associated with more negative attitudes (r = ?.34, p < .001).
The sample of therapists as a whole was undecided as to whether they would like to continue using video therapy in the future (i.e. expressed a neutral response on the UTUAT Behavior Intention subscale), with large differences among therapists (M = 3.14, SD = 1.23, range: 1.00–5.00). Therapists who intended to use video therapy in the future were more likely to have prior experience with video therapy (t(138) = 2.91, p < .01), and tended to have positive perceptions of their patients' online experience (r = .32, p < .001).
Pick Table 1 having an introduction to the brand new correlations within standard actions. New relational, top-notch and you will technology-associated balances was indeed coordinated on asked guidance. Particularly, scores into the actual matchmaking and dealing alliance was absolutely synchronised, and you can elite thinking-question and you may nervousness have been positively connected with one another but adversely to the said working alliance and you will genuine relationships, demonstrating one to therapists having lower levels out of top-notch thinking-doubt and nervousness advertised a healthier functioning alliance and you will real dating due to their online customers during the pandemic. The new thinking on the and you may intent to make use of videos medication about upcoming were undoubtedly of this studies of your doing work alliance, and you can actual relationship, and you can negatively about professional thinking-question and nervousness (get a hold of Dining table step 1).
In the present cross-sectional survey investigation, i lined up to explore therapists’ feel off video medication after switching of for the-person to video clips instruction from inside the pandemic. Far more especially, we checked out: 1) Counselor thinking of one’s healing matchmaking (functioning alliance and you may real relationship) inside video clips coaching versus earlier during the-person medication; 2) Specialist confidence when you look at the professional ability (top-notch mind-doubt) and you will knowledgeable anxiety linked to getting movies medication; 3) Therapist attitudes towards video clips treatment technology as a whole, including plans to keep using movies therapy on the future.
Into expose try, the internal feel estimate are Cronbach’s ? = .86. To evaluate brand new knowledgeable change in the true dating given that change to movies treatment, the next product was added: “Versus within the-people training, in my online instructions brand new healing relationships thought … ” become responded into a around three-area Likert level (1 = significantly more real than in-individual, dos = a comparable, 3 = quicker genuine than in-person).
Women reported higher working alliance in online sessions compared to men (t(137) = 2.18, p < .05), licensed practitioners reported higher alliance score than trainees (t(136) = 2.33, p < .05), and practitioners in North America (USA and Canada) compared to those in Europe (t(137) = 2.08, p < .05). Within the sample, higher online alliance was also reported by those who used a greater variety of methods (as opposed to fewer methods) to prepare patients for the transition (r = .26, p < .01), and those who perceived their patients' experience with video therapy more positively (as opposed to less positively) (r = .32, p < .001).
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